Surgery 101
Surgery 101
Surgery 101 Team
Welcome to Surgery 101, a series of podcasts produced with the help of the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada. The podcasts are intended to serve as brief introductions or reviews of surgical topics for medical students. We've aimed to cover a single topic in between 10-20 minutes so that you can quickly get a good idea of the basic concepts involved. Every episode is divided into chapters and concludes with several key points to summarize the topic. We are always keen to receive your feedback on our podcasts, and we are accepting suggestions for additional topics. New episodes are published every Friday. 'Surgery 101' was created by Dr Parveen Boora and Dr Jonathan White, and is supported by the Department of Surgery at the University of Alberta. Our 2010 series of podcasts are brought to you by the Undergrad Surgery Mobile Podcasting Studio Team which is: Jonathan, Jenni and Tracy, with the assistance of the Surgery 101 Experts of Edmonton. Note to experts: please note that these podcasts are only intended as brief introductions for medical students - we cannot delve into the more complex nuances of advanced surgery in a 10-minute podcast. We encourage all listeners to supplement their learning by seeing patients, assisting at surgeries and reading widely!
304. Delivery of Twins
This is the 3rd episode of a four-part series covering complications at the time of vaginal delivery. This episode is brought to you by Leah Rusnell a fourth-year medical student at the University of Saskatchewan in Regina. The previous episodes discussed operative vagina delivery and the management of breech deliveries. This episode discusses the delivery of twins and the complications associated with them. After listening to this episode, you will be able to: 1. Identify the types of twinning based on chorionicity and amnionicity. 2. List the predisposing factors for a twin or multiple gestation pregnancy and associated risks for the mother and fetuses. 3. Outline a prenatal management plan for a twin pregnancy. 4. List the different types of presentations at the time of vaginal delivery. 5. Outline the specific considerations required at the time of labor and delivery of twins.
Dec 2
12 min
303. Breech Deliveries
This is the 2nd episode in a 4-part series covering complications at the time of vaginal delivery.  This episode is brought to you by Leah Rusnell a fourth-year medical student at the University of Saskatchewan in Regina. Yesterday, we discussed operative vagina delivery and in this episode, we'll look at the management of breech deliveries. After listening to this episode, learners will be able to: Define the types of breech presentation. List the risk factors for breech presentation. Outline the timing, indications, contraindications, and technique required to perform an external cephalic version. Describe the controversy surrounding vaginal delivery of a breech baby. List the contraindications to planned vaginal breech delivery. List the requirements that must be met during the breech labor and delivery process.
Dec 1
13 min
302. Operative Vaginal Delivery
This is the 1st episode in a 4-part series covering complications at the time of vaginal delivery.  This episode is brought to you by Leah Rusnell a fourth-year medical student at the University of Saskatchewan in Regina. Today we will discuss operative vagina delivery. After listening to this episode, learners will be able to: 1. Classify OVDs, also known as operative vaginal deliveries, and discuss the instrument options available to perform an OVD. 2. Identify the indications for and contraindications to an OVD. 3. Identify the fetal and maternal risks associated with OVD in comparison to a caesarean section. 4. List the pre-requisites and steps required to perform an OVD.
Nov 30
15 min
301. Management of Acute Cholecystitis
In this episode, we are joined by Vivian Leung,  a 3rd-year medical student from McGill University.  She will be discussing a case titled: “Chloe has a chole”, and will be reviewing the management of acute cholecystitis.  Vivian will touch upon the guidelines for antibiotic therapy, indications for urgent cholecystectomy, and the concept of risk stratification, which will serve as key information in determining whether your patient will benefit most from a surgical, versus non-surgical, management of acute cholecystitis. After listening to this podcast, students will be able to: Recall and list classification factors of uncomplicated versus complicated acute cholecystitis Recognize the importance and considerations of initiating antibiotic therapy Describe the concept of risk stratifying patients into low risk, versus high-risk surgical patients, and their subsequent clinical management
Nov 2
16 min
300. Zenker's Diverticulum
In the episode 4th-year medical student Kaishan Aravinthan from the University of Saskatchewan discusses an overview of Zenker's Diverticulum. After listening to this episode, learners will be able to: Define the term Zenker’s Diverticulum   Identify and list the signs and symptoms of Zenker’s Diverticulum   Discuss the role of imaging in diagnosing Zenker’s Diverticulum   List and describe the various treatment options for Zenker’s Diverticulum  
Oct 30
14 min
299. Chronic Rhinosinusitis
In this episode 4th-year medical student Kaishan Aravinthan from the University of Saskatchewan discusses an overview of chronic rhinosinusitis. After listening to this episode, learners will be able to: Describe the patient presentation of Chronic Rhinosinusitis Identify the key signs and symptoms for the diagnosis of Chronic Rhinosinusitis Differentiate and list the types of medical and surgical therapy options
Oct 28
22 min
298. Hiatal Hernias
In this episode, with the help of Dr. Scott Penner, a general surgeon practicing in Cambridge Memorial Hospital, 2nd-year medical student McMaster University student Nivedh Patro discusses an overview of hiatal hernias. After listening to this podcast, listeners should be able to: Define the different types of hiatal hernias Identify the main presenting symptoms of the different types of hiatal hernias, and distinguish emergent from non-emergent scenarios Describe the preoperative workup of hiatal hernias
Oct 27
21 min
297.  Update: Inflammatory Bowel Disease Management
In this podcast, Gaurav Talwar highlights some recent advances in the medical and surgical management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. He will build on the concepts introduced by Dr. White and Dr. Bistritz in their 2012 seven lecture series on IBD, so please be sure to listen to those podcasts as well. By the end of this podcast, you should be able to: Describe recent advances in the medical management of IBD including the mechanisms and indications of current biologics, biosimilars, and Tofacitinib, a small molecule drug. Outline recent advances in the surgical management of IBD including the impact of minimally invasive techniques and the evolving role of surgery. Explain the all-important role of multidisciplinary care for patients with IBD.
Oct 21
18 min
Mediastinal Masses
Student Yasmin Valji discusses Mediastinal Masses. After listening to this episode, learners will be able to: -Describe the anatomy of the mediastinum -List the differential differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses -Describe the clinical presentation of an anterior mediastinal mass -Develop an approach to work up and treatment of mediastinal masses
Aug 31
11 min
Video
Chest Tubes
Student Yasmin Valji discusses chest tube insertion and removal. After listening to this episode, learners will be able to: A) List the indications for chest tube insertion B) Describe the proper positioning and insertion technique for tube thoracostomy C) List the complications of chest tube insertion D) Describe the mechanism how the chest drainage system works E) Troubleshoot improperly functioning chest tubes F) Determine when a chest tube can be removed and describe proper removal technique
Aug 31
29 min
Video
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