The cultural current of our day moves us on a trajectory toward greed, materialism, hurry, and discontentment. But Jesus said that generosity is the key to living a happy, content, free life. In this teaching, we explore Jesus’ teaching in Luke 11 on generosity and the inner architecture of our hearts.
“Love is the acid test of spiritual formation.” If the telos of the spiritual journey is to become the kind of people who receive and give the love of God, the question is, How do we become people who are pervaded by love? In this annual update to our learnings around spiritual formation, we explore a very simple idea and practice that has the potential to transform us into people of love.
Even when we're asking God for what we want, we're giving him what he wants: our heats. In this teaching, we learn practical steps on a lifelong, and life-giving practice; Prayer
Taught by Pete Greig (Emmaus Rd. & 24-7 Prayer)
We are over half way into our building campaign and continue to be so encouraged by your generosity. Since the campaign began, our church has given more than ever before. We are confident that God is at work in the hearts of our church family. Our goal is to raise $3 million by December, 2019 for the purchase of Holladay Park Church of God, in Northeast Portland. And with $1 million already in savings from previous years of giving, our hope was to pay for all the needed renovations within that saved budget. Unfortunately, we have learned the required renovations will cost more money and take more time than anticipated.
In our annual vision series, we lay out a paradigm for what it means to apprentice under Jesus. To follow Jesus is to organize your entire life around three goals: to be with Jesus, to become like Jesus, and do what Jesus would do if he were you. This is our vision of practicing the way of Jesus, together.
What does the heart of a disciple look like? It is the heart to die to self and leave the resurrection up to God. Jesus not only lives this lifestyle but teaches us to have it by giving us the metaphor of pruning and producing fruit in John 15. It is God's desire that we bear fruit, as he is glorified by it and heaven comes through it.
Taught by Alex Rhettmann of Saints Hill Church (saintshill.church)
In this well known, but often missed-out-on story of Jesus walking on the water, we notice the writer Matthew’s key insights from Jesus life and teaching about to become a “non-anxious presence” in a world caught in a vicious cycle of anxiety. We have faith and release control.
Facing rejection and grief Jesus retreats from the busyness of his work to find a quiet place to be alone. When he gets there he's faced, not by silence, but by need.
What can we as modern disciples of Jesus learn from one strange story of how Jesus turns a little bit of food into a lot more?
In the middle of Matthew's biography of Jesus, we learn the awful fate of John the Baptist. If this is what happens to the one who prepares the way for the Messiah, what will happen to the Messiah himself? This haunting story acts as an enduring reminder that the way of Jesus will always be an affront to the powers that be.
Part 5 from the series "Community", as part of Practicing the Way. Dave Lomas teaches from the life of Mary, the wisdom of Proverbs, and the 9th Commandment: “Do not give false testimony.” In this we learn one of the foundational practices for emotionally healthy relationships - the need to stop mind reading and start clarifying expectations.
Part 4 from the series "Community", as part of Practicing the Way. We are relational beings because we are created in the image of a relational God. As we look at how God Father, Son, and Spirit relate to one another we learn about how true community is marked by hospitality.
Part 3 from the series "Community", as part of Practicing the Way. For most Westerners, honor is a foreign concept. Ours is a culture of sarcasm, irreverence, ungrateful entitlement, of “othering” – a culture of contempt. In this teaching we explore Paul’s command to “honor one another above yourselves,” and just how life-changing (and life-bringing) it could be for our community.
Part 2 from the series "Community", as part of Practicing the Way. Jesus likened his community to a family. At first this sounds nice and even sentimental, but this was actually one of Jesus’ most radical ideas, one that got him killed. It was radical in the first century, and it’s just as radical in the 21st century. In this teaching we discover why.
Part 1 from the series "Community", as part of Practicing the Way. We kick off our summer practice with a teaching on the fallout of individualism in the Western world – loneliness, and its dark twin: tribalism. Is there a practice from the way of Jesus that would set us up to live in a rich web of relationships where we grow and mature into Christlikeness? Yes, it’s community, Jesus’ school of love.
When Jesus returns to the familiarity of his home and his family he is met not with a celebratory welcome, but with skepticism and rejection. The divisive nature of Jesus’ person and teachings serves as both warning and encouragement for all who would follow in his footsteps: Rejection is inevitable.
Throngs of people crowded around Jesus on a lakeshore. The question on their minds was, “what is the coming Kingdom going to be like?” Jesus’ answer is surprising, frustrating, and seemingly foolish: God’s rule is like good people and bad people growing together.
Matthew 13 begins a series of teachings of parables. These common stories are meant to surprise us and invite us to re-evaluate our lives from the ground up. Jesus begins his parabolic teachings with a story about a farmer sowing seed, encouraging his audience to think and re-think whether or not they have truly heard the message of the kingdom.
Part 10 from the series "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship" as part of Practicing the Way. We end our spring practice on stage theory with a case study from the story of Rachel and Leah. At first glance, it’s just a story about patriarchy and sex and power dynamics in family, but upon closer inspection, we realize it’s actually story about the ideas from the last two months of teaching – first and second half of life, the wall, the dark night, and the tragedy of what happens when people don’t make the transition to maturity, as well as the invitation and hope for those who do.
Part 9 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. In this follow up teaching on the dark night of the soul, we explore St. John of the Cross and St. Teresa of Avila’s paradigm of the “dark night of the senses” and the “dark night of the spirit,” and they fit into the ancient stage theory paradigm of the “three ways.” Whether you agree with their view or not, and regardless of whether you’re in a dark night, or a season of the felt-presence of God, the spiritual journey is always one from attachment and anxiety to freedom to love, and into a growing sense of union with God.
Part 8 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. At some point in the spiritual journey, we come to what St. John of the Cross called “the dark night of the soul” – a season in which our experience of God feels more like absence than presence. God intentionally withdraws the felt-sense of his presence to do a work of purgation and preparation for a deeper intimacy. But few of us have a category of this, so we misdiagnosis the phenomena and often run aground in our journey. In part one of a two-part teaching on the dark night, we explore Jesus’ invitations to us in seasons of darkness and dryness.
Part 7 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. America is a first half of life culture. As a result, most of our spirituality focuses on the first half and very little is offered about how to navigate the shifts that occur during the second half of life. In this teaching with Morris Dirks we highlight the spiritual challenges as well as the opportunities as we climb the “second mountain.” It’s never to early to ask the question, “What kind of an old person do I want to be?” If we want to go the distance Jesus calls us to move from the “identity journey” to “wisdom journey”. Listen in to learn more about following Jesus in the second half of life.
Part 6 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. In this teaching we introduce an ancient paradigm called “active and passive spirituality,” a key idea in spiritual formation that we’ve lost in the modern, Western church. We mature by a combination of practicing the way of Jesus (active spirituality) and accepting the invitations of Jesus in our pain. A key question we must ask daily is: What is Jesus trying to do in my life, and how do I cooperate?
Part 5 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. The most basic stage theory paradigm is the two halves of life, which even Jesus gives a nod to in a post-resurrection conversation with Peter. Many find this simple frame of the spiritual journey to be enormously helpful, especially if they are in the arduous middle passage from first to second. In this teaching, we explore the dangers and invitations for us as followers of Jesus in Portland, whether we find ourselves in the first half, the middle passage, or the second half of life.
Part 4 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. We overview a stage theory paradigm called “The Critical Journey,” a six-stage journey to a life of love. We then talk about getting stuck, transitions, our culture’s conspiracy against the depth and maturity, and the wall.
Part 3 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. In every stage of our formation journey we must awaken to engage all dimensions of our being. This core truth—rooted in the sacred text from Deuteronomy 6v4—guided the ancient Israelites, and is just as imperative for us to apply to our formation today.
From Easter 2019 and Part 2 of the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship" as part of Practicing the Way. We summarize Bernard of Clairvaux’s stage theory paradigm of love and reiterate that the end goal of the spiritual journey is love. As Paul said, “Now remain these three: faith, hope, and love. But the greatest of these is love.” However, love cannot grow outside the soil of faith and hope, and our Western culture is hemorrhaging both faith (or meaning) and hope. What does the good news of Easter have to say to our cultural moment of meaninglessness and hopelessness?
Part 1 from the series, "Naming Your Stage of Apprenticeship", as part of Practicing the Way. If apprenticeship to Jesus is a journey, is there a map? Or at least some landmarks to navigate by? Have any older, wiser followers of Jesus left behind insights on how to stay on the path? Avoid detours and pitfalls? Continue to progress, and not plateau, or worse, regress? It turns out, the answer is a resounding yes. Since the very beginning of the church, teachers of the way of Jesus have made an attempt to map the spiritual journey. And while all journeys are different, it turns out, all journeys are similar too. In the first teaching in our series, we explore an ancient paradigm called “The Three Ways,” which charts a course from purgation through illumination to union.
The religious leaders challenge Jesus and demand a sign from him. Like them, many of us have asked Jesus for a sign, demanding that he proves himself and that he is worth following. Yet, Jesus’ will not play the leaders games and he will not play ours. Instead, Jesus invites us to draw near, to listen, and embrace the posture of discipleship at his feet.
From the series "God & Sexuality." Human beings are 'narrative animals' – we all live from a story that makes sense of what life is all about. In this teaching, we compare and contrast the secular story of sexuality to the Scripture story, and end with an invitation to trust that Jesus knows better than us what will lead to our deepest happiness.
From the series "Gospel of Matthew." Jesus is accused of being a glutton, a drunkard, a criminal, a fake, even an evil sorcerer. What his accusers seem to overlook are the powerful consequences of loose talk. This is more than a little sobering for disciples of Jesus some 2,000 years later. Our words have the power to steward faith in Jesus, or to stamp it out. To lift others up, or to bring them down.
In an age of entertainment & scepticism, where we have been culturally conditioned to simply consume, how do we cultivate biblical habits of worship? This week is an exploration of public & private praise and the ways in which we experience an eternal reality through worship.
Part 7 from the series, "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. As we near the end of our Sabbath series, we finally come to Jesus’ relationship with the seventh day. People often misread Jesus’ teachings on the Sabbath as negative, but nothing could be further from the truth. In Jesus biography, we see him set every seventh day to stop, rest, delight, and worship.
Part 6 from the series, "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. As we are learning about Sabbath, this week we create a restful experience in our Sunday gathering. With Psalm 23 as a framework, we explore what it means to rest with God as our Shepherd.
Part 5 from the series, "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. We live in a 24/7 culture of endless productivity, workaholism, distraction, burnout, and anxiety--a way of life to which we've sadly grown accustomed. This tired system of "life" ultimately destroys our souls, our bodies, our relationships, our society, and the rest of God's creation. The whole world grows exhausted because humanity has forgotten to enter into God's rest.
Part 4 from the series, "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. In Sabbath we bring to God our whole selves, believing that he meets us where we are. As we acknowledge our humanity and aches, we create space to encounter the God who longs to meet with us.
Part 3 from the series, "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. In a society addicted to the twin drugs of accomplishment and accumulation, the Sabbath is an act of resistance. A way of saying, Enough. Pharaoh and his empire are alive and well. Like the Israelites, we must live into our own Exodus, our own freedom.
Part 2 from the series, "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. In the Genesis story, God worked for six days, and then he rested on the Sabbath. In doing so, he built a rhythm into the fabric of creation. But over the years, we’ve lost this dynamic interplay between work and rest, to our own peril. As H.H. Farmer said, “If you go against the grain of the universe you get splinters.” In this teaching, we begin to lay out a biblical theology of Sabbath, noting six ideas: 1. The Sabbath is built into the rhythm of creation, 2. Blessed, 3. Holy, 4. Not a day off, but a day for worship, 5. Both a command and a gift, and 6. A day we are to remember.
Part 1 from the series "Sabbath" as part of Practicing the Way. We begin one of the most important practices of Jesus with a big picture look at the restlessness of the human condition, and how it’s exacerbated by the digital age and our consumeristic culture. We contrast that with the restfulness of Jesus, which is more than just a day, but is a spirit we live by all week long.
To be human is to have longings. We long for transcendence, for beauty, for love, and for a story in which we belong; and everyone finds a story to satisfy explain the longings and the world we find ourselves in. Yet, the way of Jesus presents us with the most compelling story of what it means to be human.
From the series "Fighting The World, The Flesh, & The Devil" as part of Practicing The Way. At the center of the way of Jesus is a symbol: the cross. Yet all too often we see it as a sentimental song or piece of jewelry, rather than a way of life. The way to resurrection life has always been through Golgotha death. Self-denial is the entry point to the life of Jesus.
From the series "Fighting The World, The Flesh, & The Devil" as part of Practicing The Way. Much of what our generation calls “culture,” Jesus and the writers of the Bible call “the world” – a system of ideas, values, practices and social norms that are institutionalized into a culture that is organized around rebellion against God and the redefinition of good and evil. How do we keeping from getting assimilated by the world?
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. In this follow up message on the flesh, we dive deep into the fields of psychology, philosophy, and theology, to see how they add color to Paul’s teaching in Galatians on the law of returns. Our acts and habits of mind and body either sow to the flesh, and reap slavery to sin and death, or the spirit, and yield a character and destiny of life and freedom.
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. In this teaching we lay out a Biblical theology of the flesh, this animalistic, primal drive in all of us, that wars against the Spirit in our heart. We talk Augustine, Freud, evolutionary psychology, coyotes, and the radical redefinition of freedom and slavery in the West.
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. The Devil doesn't overpower or coerce us with his lies, instead he utilizes the seductive allure of influence. The authors of the Scriptures call this "giving the Devil a foothold." As apprentices of Jesus, how should we navigate our life and relationships without opening ourselves to the pull of the enemy?
From the series "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. Our lives and the world around us are often riddled with all kinds of evil, injustice, and suffering. Is God ever to blame, or is the devil capable of more than just lying? How do we, as apprentices of Jesus, learn to identify the work of the evil one with confidence?
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. Guest speaker, Sarah Deutscher from Red Church in Melbourne, unpacks the humanity of Jesus, the devil's tactics and how we can follow Jesus in spiritual warfare.
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. In this teaching, guest speaker Mark Sayers joins us from Red Church in Melbourne, Australia to unpack what the Scriptures mean by "Elemental Forces."
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. This audio is taken from a video interview with Dr. Tim Mackie on God, the “gods”, and the spiritual backdrop of the Bible.
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. For Jesus, the devil’s primary strategy to ruin the soul and society isn’t what most of us expect. It’s lies. More specifically, it’s deceptive ideas that play to disordered desires that are normalized in a sinful society. In this teaching, we explore how we are transformed by Spirit and truth, and deformed by isolation and lies. And we look to Jesus’ example of spiritual disciplines as spiritual warfare.
From the series, "Fighting the World, the Flesh, & the Devil" as part of Practicing the Way. The modern, secular world laughs off the idea of the devil as a relic from the pre-scientific age. “Now we know better” is the mantra of the progressive west. And yet, secular theories that attempt to explain evil fall flat of the human experience. For Jesus, there is an invisible but intelligent evil at work in the world, but his primary strategy isn’t what most of us expect. It’s lies. Fighting the devil is first and foremost about the war to believe truth over lies.
From our Vision Series 2018. In this extended version, we kick off with some recommended reading and end with upcoming highlights for the communities at Bridgetown Church. Practicing the way of Jesus is all about creating space for love. Making room to be with Jesus, become like Jesus, and do what he did. In this vision Sunday teaching, we lay out a vision for apprenticeship to Jesus, as well as the year ahead at Bridgetown Church.
From our Vision Series 2018. Practicing the way of Jesus is all about creating space for love. Making room to be with Jesus, become like Jesus, and do what he did. In this vision Sunday teaching, we lay out a vision for apprenticeship to Jesus, as well as the year ahead at Bridgetown Church.
From our Vision Series 2018, Guest speaker Jason Ballard of Alpha Canada casts vision for how our church can partner together to host those who are seeking. Alpha is structured around an open and informal dialogue about faith, the person of Jesus and what it all means. For those who do not identify as followers of jesus, we want to hear your thoughts and questions as we explore these themes without the pressured atmosphere that usually accompanies these conversations. Come enjoy a meal with good company and engage important conversation about life. No cost. Follow the link to register bridgetown.church/alpha
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." As Jesus continues his work, he stirs up controversy with religious leaders by doing good at the expense of formal rule-keeping. And in normal fashion, Jesus is constantly challenging our desire for a black and white world by offering us something unexpectedly better. What does it mean for us, as disciples of Jesus, to understand the value in tradition without lapsing into ritualism?
From the series, "Eating & Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. In the last teaching on the practice of eating and drinking, we go back to the Hebrew ideas of animal sacrifice and covenant meals to better understand God's design and intention for communion. Since the fall, God has been longing for intimacy with his creation and through the altar he provided a way to the table.
From the series, "Eating & Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. The Lord’s supper, communion, the eucharist – whatever you call eating and drinking with God, this practice is at the very center of the church. And yet it’s changed over the years. What started out as a full meal, around a table, in a home, with a spirit of gratitude, joy and celebration, has since become a quiet, contemplative, individualistic meditation on our sin and its cost to Jesus. How did this practice evolve? Or devolve? And how could we re-imagine this practice as a meal?
From the Series, "Eating & Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. We near the end of our practice of eating and drinking with the third dimension: eating and drinking with God. The Lord’s supper was originally exactly what it sounds like, a supper. A meal around a table with Jesus and his community. This core practice changed the Roman Empire. Could it change our world yet again?
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." As apprentices of Jesus, we are just as capable of following Jesus in some aspects of our lives as we are to completely reject him in others. What does it mean to fully accept the easy yoke Jesus offered?
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." In a secular society, doubt is the new normal. But doubt is nothing new; we see it in John the Baptizer, a prophet that Jesus called the greatest man to ever live. And in this story of John’s wrestle with doubt, we see that Jesus’ invitation isn’t to certainty, but to trust.
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." Jesus warns and encourages his disciples about what will come as they live into his Kingdom mission. What would it look like to live as a disciple, free of all fear, fully alive to his power?
From the series, "Eating and Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. Jesus was the happiest person alive, and he prayed that his apprentices would have “the full measure of my joy within them.” Joy is more than just an emotion; it is an overall condition of the heart. But how do we become joyful people? Through the spiritual discipline of celebration. And the best way to do that is to eat together as a family…
From the series, "Eating and Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. Long before followers of Jesus ever built cathedrals, they met in homes, around a table, eating and drinking as brothers and sisters. As family. This is a very simple idea that tragically, we’ve lost over the millennia, at great cost to the church. What if we were to recapture the shared meal as the center of gravity in our church?
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." In a post-Christian world, followers of Jesus are not the majority. If we are to reach a world like ours, what posture are we to take? In our time and place, Jesus invites us to follow him and become like him. The harvest is plenty, but the workers are few.
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." Jesus is proclaiming a gospel where the foundation is on the glory of what God has done, not the righteous effort of man. A religious spirit has no place in his kingdom, he is doing a new thing, offering a new wine. will we value the wine over the wineskin and drink of his new covenant?
From the series, "Eating & Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. One dimension of the ancient art of hospitality is using food to do justice. Though Jesus’s ambition was to use the dinner table as a tool to do good, he was well aware that it was also being used to do injustice. The same is true today: Everything you eat has a story. How can we, as disciples of Jesus, break our food’s relationship with injustice in order to do good, eating and drinking?
From the series, "Eating & Drinking" as part of Practicing the Way. Jesus said we are to “love your neighbor as yourself.” What if he meant our actual neighbors? What if we were to reimagine our homes not as a castle to hide in, but as an outpost for the kingdom of God? And our tables as a tangible expression of love? Our meals as the setting where strangers become neighbors and neighbors become brothers and sisters?
From the series, "Eating & Drinking" as part of Practicing The Way. Jesus “came eating and drinking.” If he had a “method of evangelism,” that was it: eat a meal with people far from God. And all through the New Testament, apprentices of Jesus are commanded to follow his example through the practice of hospitality. Something as radically ordinary and setting a table can create space for people far from God to experience the Father’s warm welcome into his family.
Does God still use dreams to speak to us? As strange and bizarre as they seem at times? The bible is full of examples where God has used dreams to speak to his people. Guest speaker Jeannine Rodriguez-Everard uses these stories to lay out a biblical theology of dreams as well as an intro to interpretation.
The journey of great faith often begins with what guest speaker, Pete Hughes, calls a threshold moment. The point where you are standing in between what you can control and what God is calling you into. How do we know when to step out? How do we follow God into the unknown?
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." What does it look like to have heaven invade earth? How do we receive the kingdom and how do we give it to others? Jesus shows us what this looks like when he confronts people on the margins of his society through the miracle of healing.
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." Jesus ends his manifesto of life in the kingdom of the heavens, not with a pep talk or feel-good story, but with a warning about what happens when we don’t put his teachings into practice. In the “information age” and a cultural moment where hearing something and then doing nothing about it is the new normal, this is a warning we need to hear and heed.
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." The modern world is a terribly confusing place to call home. We need luminaries to speak on behalf of reality and point the way to the good life. First century Jews called these luminaries "prophets." We might call them philosophers or psychologists or podcasters or pastors. But Jesus issued a stern warning: beware of false prophets. A warning we need to hear and heed in the modern church.
Every day we hear two clashing narratives: 1. The world is coming apart at the seams. Or: 2. Welcome to utopia. Both have data to back up their point. But both fall short of reality. In Romans 8, Paul tells a third story about one world that is dying off, and another that is coming to birth. His metaphor for the felt-experience of life this side of our resurrection is that of birth pangs.
From the series, "Forgiving As We Have Been Forgiven" as part of Practicing the Way. In our final teaching, we flip it around from forgiving people who have hurt us, to reconciling with people we have hurt. In a cultural moment of victimization, it's all to easy to blame shift and make excuses, but the invitation of Jesus is to journey down the long, slow road of reconciliation.
From the series, "Forgiving As We Have Been Forgiven" as part of Practicing the Way. One of, if not the greatest, gifts we receive as apprentices of Jesus is forgiveness. But to Jesus, this is a gift we are to pass on to others. His end goal is for his apprentices to grow and mature into the kind of people who are forgiving by nature. But this is hard to do! In this teaching, we move from the idea of teaching to the practice of it. Using a five stage process called R.E.A.C.H., we aim to replace the emotions attached to our wounds.
From the series, "Forgiving As We Have Been Forgiven" as part of Practicing the Way. Many of us get stuck in unforgiveness over the many ways we’ve been wounded. The key to healing and freedom isn’t just to release somebody from the debt owed; but to find a way to transform out pain into something beautiful.
From the series "Forgiving As We Have Been Forgiven" as part of Practicing The Way. Forgiveness is integral in our discipleship with Jesus. We live in a world polluted by sin and shame, and relationships in this broken world are often marked by disappointment, loss, and pain. God is calling us to forgive because Jesus himself chose to forgive.
From the series, "Gospel of Matthew." If we're going to practice the way of Jesus, we must recognize that the way of our city and the way of Jesus are not the same. In a culture where the mantra is, "Do whatever feels good", Jesus invites his followers through the narrow gate and on the hard way because it alone leads to life.