Explore gaps in your knowledge about the home health world, particularly on home health aides!
* Get CME-MOC credit (https://www.acponline.org/cme-moc/cme/internal-medicine-podcasts/core-im) with ACP !
* Full transcript, show notes, references (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/11/27/home-health-aides-interprofessional-education-series/)
02:33 What support do our patients have at home and how does those people play a role in their care?
06:00 Are there various types of home care workers?
07:25 What role do home attendants play in caring for a patient?
08:31 What tasks do home health aides do?
10:11 What are the types of "skilled carez'?
13:17 What can Medicare cover for older adults in terms of home health aides?
15:17 How does Medicare define homebound?
16:03 How does having Medicaid impact access to home care?
19:10 What if a patient isn’t eligible for Medicare or Medicaid?
19:43 What is the cost to use a private agency for home health services?
24:02 What are some challenges that home health aides face?
25:42 What are “plans of care”?
30:01 Who makes up the home care workforce?
31:52 When patients get discharged from the hospital, do they go home to the same home care assistance?
Get CME Credit (https://www.acponline.org/cme-moc/online-learning-center/heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-5-pearls-segment) with ACP!
Full Transcript with references and show notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/11/13/5-pearls-on-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia/)
4:30 What is the daily risk of thrombosis if HIT Is left untreated?
5:40 What happens during platelet activation?
07:11 How long does it take for patients to develop for IgG antibodies to Heparin to form?
09:52 Is HIT common?
10:28 Who is at higher risk for HIT?
11:48 Why does low molecular weight heparin have a lower risk for HIT than unfractionated heparin?
15:30 Approach to thrombocytopenia
17:44 How do medications cause thrombocytopenia?
18:38 With medications, what is the time course between medication initiation and thrombocytopenia?
22:20 What is the sensitivity and specificity of anti-PF4 antibody?
23:58 How does the serotonin-release assay (SRA) work?
29:10 What type of anticoagulant do you choose for treating HIT?
31:58 Why is it important to not use warfarin in patients with platelet counts
House of God author, Samuel Shem and Prof Katharine Watson share thought-provoking takes on Gallows Humor.
Laugh and listen to this captivating take on the different shades of humor in the day-to-day of medicine.
* 02:33 Episode preview and Guest Introductions
* 04:20 Definition of Gallows Humor
* 07:25 Gallows Humor by Comedians vs Patients vs Physicians
* 08:15 Benefits/Functions of Humor in General
* 11:10 Connection
* 13:07 Coping/Catharsis
* 16:22 Resistance Against Oppression
* 19:03 Humor as our Authenticity/Humanity
The Bad, The Ugly
* 21:01 Unintended Audiences (e.g., patients, families)
* 25:30 “Corporeal” Joking
* 28:00 Toxic Role Modeling
* 31:10 Desensitization/Losing Empathy
* Tips, Takeaways & Conclusion33:48 Challenging Inappropriate Jokes
* 35:45 Excessive Gallows Humor: Signal of Distress?
* 37:17 Using Gallows Humor: Questions to Ask Yourself
* 38:40 Keeping the Faith!
* 41:11 Excerpt from Man’s 4th Best Hospital by Samuel Shem
Transcript and References (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/10/30/gallows-humor/)
Tag: medical humanities, medical ethics, CoreIM, IMCore
1st outpatient clinical reasoning case on Core IM Hoofbeats!
Get CME-MOC Credit (https://www.acponline.org/cme-moc/online-learning-center/a-65m-with-fatigue-hoofbeats-segment) (live at 9AM EST on 10/16)
* 01:18 Case introduction
* 11:40 The Casablanca strategy
* 23:17 The diagnosis revealed
* 25:30 Logical fallacy: Denying the antecedent
* 33:22 Components of illness scripts
* 41:37 Conclusion
Show notes, transcripts and references (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/10/16/hoofbeats-a-65m-with-fatigue/)!
Do you have a good case or an expert you would like to suggest for an episode? Send it our way at firstname.lastname@example.org (email@example.com)
Tag: normocytic anemia, splenomegaly, CoreIM, endocarditis, clinic case
Go deeper into the world of blood cultures!
* 04:10 Review of Choosing Wisely Guidelines
* 05:55 What are estimated incidences of positive blood cultures?
* 06:17 Which clinical signs or patient history is more likely to have positive blood cultures?
* 09:48 What is the estimated incidence of false positive blood cultures?
* 11:01 What infections more likely to have bacteremia?
* 13:50 How do positive blood cultures impact patient outcomes and the use of resources?
Show notes, transcript, and references (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/10/02/blood-cultures/)
Tags: Infectious disease, CoreIM, pyelonephritis, cellulitis, community acquired pneumonia
Practical tips on smoking cessation! Get CME Credit (https://www.acponline.org/cme-moc/cme/internal-medicine-podcasts/core-im) with ACP!
Full Transcript with References and Show Notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/09/18/5-pearls-on-smoking-cessation/)
* 04:50 What questions are important to ask after a patient who contemplative about quitting tobacco?
* 07:00 Is quitting abruptly on a quit date or gradual cessation to a quit date better?
* 08:10 How can technology help support patients who are trying to quit?
* 08:49 How should we prepare patients who quit smoking and are worried about weight gain?
* 11:06 How can we try to convince patients to use medication as assistance to quit smoking?
* 11:50 What is the most effective nicotine replacement approach?
* 13:54 What are the potential side effects of the nicotine patch?
* 15:00 What should we prescribe for patients who smoke
Do we have to sign the AMA form? Do insurances deny payment for patients who leave AMA? What is your approach to AMA discharges?
Core IM At the Bedside speaks to ethics researcher, Dr. David Alfandre, author of Things We Do For No Reason (https://www.journalofhospitalmedicine.com/jhospmed/article/147925/hospital-medicine/things-we-do-no-reason-against-medical-advice-discharges): Against Medical Advice Discharges
Show Notes, Full Transcript and References (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/09/04/ama-discharges/)
* 3:03 Demographics of AMA discharges
* 5:59 Clinician/System related factors of AMA discharges
* 10:30 Strategies for mitigating AMA Discharges
* 15:59 Do we have to make patients sign the AMA form?
* 18:27 Do insurances deny payment for patients who leave AMA?
* 23:09 Take Away Points
Tags: shared-decision making, harm reduction
We hope these stories can make us more introspective and open minded on how these concepts can affect each one of us differently.
Let's continue the discussion on the Women in Medicine (https://twitter.com/womeninmedchat)Twitter chat on 8/25 at 9pm EST !
Full Transcript and Show Notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/08/21/stories-of-women-in-medicine/)
* 2:07 Introduction to one woman’s journey
* 3:00 Stereotype Threat
* 6:15 Not all Anger is Created Equal
* 10:17 Asking and Writing Your Own Job Description
* 13:08 Imposter Syndrome
* 15:50 Breaking Points to Self Care
* 18:50 Work Life Integration
* 21:40 Support Networks
20 Qs with Core IM Team vs. Expert Discussant !
Full Transcript and Show notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/08/07/a-45f-with-persistent-bleeding-20qs-core-im-team-vs-expert/)
Get CME-MOC Credit (https://www.acponline.org/cme-moc/online-learning-center/45f-with-persistent-bleeding-hoofbeats-segment)for listening to this episode (live at 09:00 am EST on 8/7)
* 00:20 The game of medical Twenty Questions
* 04:37 Case introduction
* 05:50 The CoreIM team attempts to solve the case
* 15:36 The discussant’s diagnostic schema for abnormal bleeding
* 23:37 Primary versus secondary hemostasis
* 30:33 The pathology report !
* 37:38 Criteria for the final diagnosis
* 38:46 Dissecting a diagnostic coup
* 49:42 Conclusion
Do you have a good case or an expert you would like to suggest for an episode? Send it our way at firstname.lastname@example.org
Tags: Coagulopathy, Bleeding Disorder, Diagnostic Schema, Von Willebrand's Disease, Clinical Reasoning
Night and Day… join us for part II of our exploration into why we prescribe medications in the morning vs. at night, featuring statins!
03:28 How do statins and cholesterol synthesis work again, anyway?
04:00 Power in numbers - what do the meta-analyses say about timing of statins?
04:40 The long and short of it - how half-life may dictate when to take your statin.
07:35 Effect magnitude - does medication timing actually really impact patient outcomes?
10:30 Practical matters - so what should we tell patients?
11:05 Review of teaching points
Show notes, transcripts and references (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/07/24/statins-prescribing-meds-day-vs-night-part-2/)
Solidify your knowledge on Coronary calcium scores and Coronary CTAs!
ACP members can claim CME-MOC Credit (https://www.acponline.org/cme-moc/online-learning-center/podcasts) !
Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering below:
* 3:10 What are the big picture differences of functional stress tests and anatomical cardiac tests?
7:48 What is the role of coronary artery calcium scores in managing coronary artery disease (CAD)?
16:20 How do coronary CTAs compare to stress tests?
24:28 When should we avoid CTA?
29:33 How do we communicate coronary CTA results with patients?
Full transcript, infographics and show notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/07/10/calcium-scores-and-coronary-ctas-5-pearls-segment/) !
In ‘At The Bedside’, our newest podcast segment, we tackle important topics that *aren’t* easily indexable in guidelines and UpToDate article – topics that are better discussed…well…at the bedside. Our first episode examines the all-too-common trope of the ‘difficult’ patient.
* 01:13 Introduction
* 05:27 Question 1: What makes a patient difficult for you?
* 13:22 Question 2: What is a “good outcome” when working with difficult patients?
* 23:05 Question 3: What have you learned from your difficult patients?
* 31:56 Conclusion
Show notes, Transcript, Further Reading (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/06/26/difficult-patients/)
Transitions can be hard. Laugh, commiserate and be inspired by these July stories in medicine!
Very big thank you to everyone who told their stories (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/06/12/july-stories/) !
Let's help each other feel a little less alone in the struggle, be more understanding and compassionate or laugh at ourselves. Please share this episode with colleagues. Do you have a July story? Email us at email@example.com (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org).
Lets continue conversation over social media. Which stories moved you? Which July stories can you relate to? Tweet us (https://twitter.com/COREIMpodcast), find us on instagram (https://www.instagram.com/core.im.podcast/) at coreimpodcast or Facebook (https://www.facebook.com/COREIMpodcast/?__tn__=kC-R&eid=ARADFLD0RWKMem224lXxNguMrGvkUhP_ayvJG8kpusNN-FMg5ytfF-xpHcPVj2NcpHGbaJQ5P5kKtqIg&hc_ref=ARQVlNLcCGuZSu7Xshjkp88FcogWfiDpYiASwcigKABJ21hq-PtISbcyGLtKiq9Rkrs&fref=nf&__xts__=68.ARDR43ZkTOAGKtkLHSLOaEbobF9z8Ng6-NwQS-mlw1qtV8MaYqL5QYA3LKFk82R9YeLw6NNOehqX5bgZvN0bKQtr4OKW9TRSrJCo0gCWVr8wnVCfFhNHv_UNd5il_6SVrF6Ficg8yfP50KNFbcPyj6dhjrLea8sqCWqhkhU0A6j64GrqfFbLZPm8ZSdoVqdSRh-EqX9t4SCKxjZrcUR75SN3o4atrKOPnkTMeD9I7FtNcNBkirof6oGo9eIdefSmeKmFbiWVLwIEfNgm-FuWM6v0GdbKs4WZFL4-q0nAmteHklWGM4_xjRBfvgsyZ3MVIMxJqUBVBd-4n7r55a95Y_Y). Good luck this coming July !
Dissect clinical reasoning and dive deeper into an interesting case!
* 02:04 Initial Presentation
* 03:03 The Core IM team tackles the case
* 09:30 Social History
* 16:05 Physical Exam
* 22:47 An exercise in Bayesian inference
* 36:35 Pre-mortem
* 43:37 Revealing the diagnosis
* 48:57 How do we define diagnostic success?
Full transcript with references and show notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/05/22/hoofbeats-a-23m-with-ams-and-fever/)
Dive deeper into why we prescribe medications in the morning vs. at night !
* Why do we dose warfarin at night? (2:45)
* Back to the basics - what are the pharmacodynamics of warfarin and how does vitamin K intake matter? (4:28)
* Practical matters - so what should we tell patients (6:14)
* Dippers and non-dippers - what happens to blood pressure (BP) at night? (9:32)
* The surprising link between dipping and cardiovascular outcomes (11:15)
* Timing is everything… or is it? The evidence behind taking BP meds at night (11:58)
* Review of teaching points (15:58)
What is your prescribing practice with blood pressure medications? Leave a comment (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/05/08/medications-daytime-vs-nighttime-part-1/), tweet (https://twitter.com/COREIMpodcast) us or share with us on instagram (https://www.instagram.com/core.im.podcast/) or facebook (https://www.facebook.com/COREIMpodcast/) on how you dose BP meds?
Transcript with references and show notes (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/05/08/medications-daytime-vs-nighttime-part-1/)
Solidify your knowledge on stress tests! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* What are the indications for a stress test? (2:18)
* How to choose stress protocol in a stress test? (8:29)
* How to choose diagnostic modality in a stress test? (14:46)
* How do we interpret results from stress tests, and how should this be communicated to patients? (24:08)
* Pearl Recap (31:13)
* Risk of contrast induced nephropathy between arterial and venous contrast load (36:02)
For full transcript, infographic and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/04/24/stress-testing/
Tags: Internal Medicine, Internist, Primary Care Physician, Hospitalists, Emergency Medicine, Nurse Practitioner, Physician Assistant, Family Physician, Cardiology
Dissect 3 interesting cases and improve your clinical reasoning skills!
* New features in this episode [0:30]
* Case one: 66M w RUQ pain [1:09]
* Case two: 41M w Afib in RVR [9:26]
* Case three: 50M w Syncope [14:33]
* Reveal [19:57]
* Retrieving illness scripts [22:29]
* Typical versus Atypical presentation of diseases [26:12]
For full transcript and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/?p=21028 (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/?p=21028)
Tag: medical education, clinical cases, expert clinicians, internal medicine podcast
Check out part 1: Acute Coronary Syndrome and TIMI Risk Score (http://bit.ly/UnstableAnginaPart1)
Lets go deeper into
1) How the chest pain history correlates with pathophysiology? [2:40]
2) How has high-sensitivity troponin changed the way we think about unstable angina? [7:34]
For transcript, infographic and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/03/27/unstable-angina/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/03/27/unstable-angina/)
Solidify your knowledge on inpatient pain management! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* How effective are non-opioids? ( 3:17)
* Are NSAIDs contraindicated in patients with kidney, liver or heart disease? If not, how can we use them safely? (10:51)
* What are the best practices for patients who require opioid analgesia? (19:00)
* When prescribing opioids at discharge what can we do to minimize harm? (25:02)
* Throwback to mechanism of acetaminophen and NSAIDs (27:14)
* How do we believe tylenol works and how does that compare to NSAIDS? (28:27)
For full transcript of the audio and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/03/13/5-pearls-on-pain-management/
Let's go deeper into the world of ACS and the origin of the TIMI score and major adverse cardiac events "MACE" outcomes!
* The basics – what is acute coronary syndrome? (4:08)
* Clinical context matters – angina pectoris, atypical chest pain, and troponins (5:22)
* You can’t just “cath” everyone – risk stratification to identify patients with high mortality risk (9:42)
* TIMI isn’t perfect – the issues with the score and MACE outcomes (14:00)
* Review of teaching points (17:58)
For full transcript and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/02/27/acute-coronary-syndrome-acs-and-the-timi-score/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/02/27/acute-coronary-syndrome-acs-and-the-timi-score/)
Dissect an interesting case and improve your clinical reasoning skills!
* New features in this episode [00:25]
* Data point 1: Early hypothesis generation? [03:20]
* Data point 2: Pertinent negatives? [11:18]
* Data point 3: Representativeness heuristic over-represented in medical education? [13:28]
* Data point 4: Economical hypothesis generation by expert clinicians [19:20]
* Data point 5: Diagnosing diagnostic error [22:10]
* Data point 6: Moving toward a final diagnosis [27:11]
* Case resolution [29:50]
For full transcript and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/02/13/hoofbeats-47m-with-chest-pain/
Solidify your knowledge on Barrett's Esophagus and more! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* What is Barrett’s esophagus and why should we care? (4:12)
* Who do we screen for Barrett’s, and why? (8:41)
* How do we screen for Barrett’s and counsel? (13:50)
* How do we treat and monitor Barrett’s esophagus? (18:21)
* Take Aways (21:45)
* Throwback to trending troponins (23:05)
For full transcript of the podcast, show notes and references: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/01/30/5-pearls-on-barretts-esophagus/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/01/30/5-pearls-on-barretts-esophagus/)
Dissect an interesting case and improve your clinical reasoning skills!
* Player three has entered the game! [0:15]
* Case presentation, part 1 [1:20]
* First impressions [3:24]
* Rethinking another provider’s diagnosis [4:36]
* Interpreting the test of treatment [8:48]
* Keeping your instincts on a leash? [10:58]
* Case presentation, part 2 [12:33]
* Diagnostic schemas [14:30]
* Our discussant’s differential and the final diagnosis [17:46]
* Shira’s cognitive autopsy [23:02]
For full transcript and show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/01/16/hoofbeats-34m-with-fever-headache-and-myalgias/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/01/16/hoofbeats-34m-with-fever-headache-and-myalgias/)
Solidify your knowledge on troponins and more! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* What aspects of the history are concerning in a patient with a positive troponin? (4:00)
* What is the difference between the TIMI, GRACE, and HEART scores, and how should we use them in the evaluation of a patient with an elevated serum troponin? (8:42)
* How does the change in troponin over time help with diagnosis, and what should we consider in a patient with uptrending troponins but an unremarkable ECG? (14:48)
* What can a “negative but detectable” troponin tell you about any patient, not just those with suspected ACS? (21:31)
* Pearls Recap (25:26)
* Throwback – what are the first-line medications for alcohol use disorder? (28:36)
For full transcript of the podcast, show notes and references: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/01/04/5-pearls-on-troponins/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2019/01/04/5-pearls-on-troponins/)
Tags: chest pain, cardiology, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome
Let's dive deeper into the world of acetaminophen and fever and how it may work and patient outcomes
What data is there to support the use of acetaminophen as a fever reducer? (2:08)
Does acetaminophen improve patient outcomes? (4:30)
How does acetaminophen compare to other medications like NSAIDs? (9:56)
What is the mechanism of acetaminophen action? (10:50)
Review of teaching points (16:02)
For full show notes and transcript of audio: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/12/19/mind-the-gap-on-acetaminophen-fevers-pathophysiology-and-patient-outcomes/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/12/19/mind-the-gap-on-acetaminophen-fevers-pathophysiology-and-patient-outcomes/)
Dissect an interesting case and think about the way clinicians think! Many clinical reasoning pearls here:
* Case [1:19]
* Diagnostic weight [8:42]
* Hypothesis driven reasoning [12:26]
* Anomalous clinical data [19:30]
* Final diagnosis [22:20]
* Take away points [31:21]
Human Dx Case link: https://www.humandx.org/o/co7yrer3dim2y59t5c0sbd370?s=FEED (https://www.humandx.org/o/co7yrer3dim2y59t5c0sbd370?s=FEED)
For show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/12/05/hoofbeats-43m-with-diarrhea/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/12/05/hoofbeats-43m-with-diarrhea/)
Women in medicine inspire us with what they would tell their younger selves. Some of the speakers with Shreya Trivedi MD @ShreyaTrivediMD at the Women in Medicine GirlMedLive Conference:
Qaali Hussein MD @QaaliHussein1 Clinical Pearl @ClinicalPearl Marguerite Duane MD @mduanemd Kate Prior MBBS @doctorwibble C. Nicole Swiner MD @docswiner Carmen Landrau MD @DrLandrau Jessica Willett MD @jkwillettmd Ilene Brenner MD @irb123 Joannie Yeh MD @BetaMomma Karen Davidson, Esq email@example.com Suzanne Feigofsky MD @DrSuzyFeigofsky GirlMedLive: https://www.girlmedmedia.com/ (https://www.girlmedmedia.com/)
Episode page: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/11/21/what-would-you-tell-your-younger-self/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/11/21/what-would-you-tell-your-younger-self/)
Tags: career development, professional development, lifelong learning, burnout, imposter syndrome, mentorship, worklife balance
Solidify your knowledge on Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) treatment and more! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* Throwback: At what levels of drinking does unhealthy alcohol use start, and how do you screen for unhealthy alcohol use? (1:47)
* What does the brief intervention and counseling part of SBIRT entail? (4:43)
* What are the first line medications for AUD and contraindications to them? (11:11)
* What are the second-line medications for AUD and their limitations? (18:14)
* What new therapies are being studied for for alcohol use disorder? (22:09)
* Pearls Recap (25:06)
For full transcript of the podcast, show notes and references: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/11/07/5-pearls-on-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorder/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/11/07/5-pearls-on-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorder/)
tag: naltrexone, acamprosate, gabapentin, topiramate, SBIRT, neuromodulation, nalmafene, psychaedelics, audit-c
Dissect a working diagnosis through a process of validation!
* Your collective differential [0:40]
* The test results (that you asked for) are in... [2:13]
* The hospital course, and the diagnosis (or is it?) [7:10]
* Validating a diagnosis: Base rate, adequacy, and coherence [8:30]
* Revisiting the differential [14:44]
* What to do when there is no final diagnosis? [17:39]
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/10/24/hoofbeats-85f-with-acute-ams-part-2/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/10/24/hoofbeats-85f-with-acute-ams-part-2/)
Tags: Clinical reasoning, Diagnostic Uncertainty
Submit your diagnosis or differential for this episode's case at HumanDx.org (free registration required): http://hdx.org/2VP (http://hdx.org/2VP) ! Part 2 (releasing 10/24) will have the final diagnosis!
* A new challenge and the rules of the game (1:13)
* Introduction to Human Dx (3:06)
* The case: An 85 year-old woman with paranoid delusions (5:28)
* What exactly is problem representation? (15:15)
* Building the differential (19:53)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/10/10/hoofbeats-85f-with-acute-ams/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/10/10/hoofbeats-85f-with-acute-ams/)
Join us in this episode with Doctors Who Create where we explore how Core IM was started and some things that happen behind the scenes!
Episode page: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/09/27/meet-the-producers/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/09/27/meet-the-producers/)
Let's go deeper into the world of UTIs and delirium!
The basics – what are the official (IDSA) definitions for bacteriuria, pyuria, and UTI? (02:07)
The lay of the land – how common are bacteriuria and delirium? (07:09)
The big money question – do UTIs really cause delirium and what does the evidence tell us? (10:50)
Review of teaching points (15:59)
Full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/09/12/mind-the-gap-uti-delirium/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/09/12/mind-the-gap-uti-delirium/)
Solidify your knowledge on Proton-Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) and more! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* What are associated adverse effects for patients are on long-term PPIs? (2:02)
* What are strategies to get your patient off PPIs? (10:57)
* How do histamine-2 (H2) receptor antagonists blockers work and how can it explain why H2 blockers might not be as effective as PPIs? (13:30)
* How should you educate patients to take PPIs to get the maximize benefit? (16:48)
* How do you manage ongoing symptoms in patients on PPIs? (21:41)
For full transcript of the podcast and references: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/08/29/5-pearls-on-ppis/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/08/29/5-pearls-on-ppis/) (https://www.clinicalcorrelations.org/?p=18833)
Dissect an interesting case and think about the way clinicians think! Many clinical reasoning pearls here:
* Case history and exam 00:40
* Causal models 11:24
* Facets versus diagnoses 13:25
* Problem representation 16:37
* Part two of the case 17:10
* Occam’s razor, Hickam’s dictum, and Crabtree’s bludgeon 23:00
* Diagnostic uncertainty 27:10
* Learning points 34:24
For show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/08/15/hoofbeats-57f-with-confusion/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/08/15/hoofbeats-57f-with-confusion/)
Lets go deeper into the misunderstood side of Vancomycin!
* Where did vancomycin come from, and why is it so controversial? (0:28)
* What is vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity and how common is it? (4:37)
* Vancomycin trough monitoring – what is it good for? (7:28)
* AUC to MIC ratio – the real math behind vancomycin dosing (7:53)
* Review of teaching points (10:27)
Full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/08/01/mind-the-gap-vancomycin/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/08/01/mind-the-gap-vancomycin/)
Solidy your understanding of unhealthy alcohol use! Quiz yourself of the 5 Pearls we will be covering:
* What is alcohol use disorder (AUD), and how is it different from unhealthy alcohol use?
* Who should we screen for unhealthy alcohol use, and which screening tools are preferred?
* What are the consequences of unhealthy alcohol use?
* Can moderate alcohol be good for patients, and if so, how much is “moderate”?
* Who, how and how often should patients with chronic hepatitis B infection be screened for hepatocellular carcinoma?
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/07/11/5-pearls-unhealthy-alcohol-use/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/07/11/5-pearls-unhealthy-alcohol-use/)
Dissect an interesting case and think about the way clinicians think! Many clinical reasoning pearls here:
* Part one of case (0:56)
* Cognitive ease and strain (03:51)
* Metacognition and routine diagnostic timeout (08:15)
* Think outside the box of organ systems (11:19)
* Illness behavior (12:30)
* Part two of case (14:06)
* Algorithms (17:57)
* Fast thinking & pattern recognition (19:30)
* Slow thinking & analytical reasoning (21:31)
* Diagnosis (25:15)
* Takeaways (26:52)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/06/27/hoofbeats-54m-with-diarrhea/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/06/27/hoofbeats-54m-with-diarrhea/)
Be inspired by why so many are proud to be in General Internal Medicine (GIM)!
Episode page: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/06/23/celebrating-proudtobegim/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/06/23/celebrating-proudtobegim/)
Let’s take your breath away… with a review on steroids in treating COPD exacerbations!
* How does GOLD (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) define a COPD exacerbation? (2:44)
* What outcomes do steroids actually improve in treating a COPD exacerbation? (5:08)
* What is the evidence behind a 5 day steroid “burst”? (7:20)
* Are IV steroids more powerful than PO? (9:00)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/05/30/mind-the-gap-steriods-in-copd/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/05/30/mind-the-gap-steriods-in-copd/)
Solidify your understanding of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN)! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* Are there diagnostic criteria for CIN? (2:11)
* Is there a difference between exposure to intra-arterial vs. intra-venous contrast in terms of risk of CIN? (6:28)
* What are the biggest risk factors for CIN? (14:48)
* What preventive measures have been shown to best reduce the risk of CIN? (19:41)
* Can ESRD patients on hemodialysis still suffer from CIN? (23:32)
* Recap (25:49)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/05/16/5-pearls-contrast-induced-nephropathy/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/05/16/5-pearls-contrast-induced-nephropathy/) (https://www.clinicalcorrelations.org/?p=17613)
Dissect an interesting case and think about the way clinicians think! So many clinical reasoning pearls here:
* Part 1 Case (2:05)
* Framing bias (7:07)
* Data-driving reasoning (11:48)
* Hypothesis-driven approach (12:38)
* Periodic paralysis syndromes (16:08)
* Representativeness heuristic (17:26)
* Part 2 Case (20:51)
* Pivot Points (31:36)
* Diagnosis (35:55)
* Take aways (37:20)
Check out the key teaching points: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/05/02/hoofbeats-a-36f-with-weakness/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/05/02/hoofbeats-a-36f-with-weakness/)
Solidify your knowledge on adrenal insufficiency! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* What are signs and symptoms of chronic adrenal insufficiency (AI)? What is the most sensitive? (2:02)
* How do we diagnose and differentiate types of adrenal insufficiency? (6:05)
* How sensitive and specific are the diagnostic tests for AI & at what cutoffs? (12:06)
* Can we both test and treat adrenal insufficiency at the same time? (16:40)
* Throwback: How do hypokalemia and hepatic encephalopathy connected? (24:55)
* Dr. Nidhi Agrawal Recap (19:20)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/04/18/5-pearls-chronic-adrenal-insufficiency/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/04/18/5-pearls-chronic-adrenal-insufficiency/)
Solidify your knowledge on latent TB! Quiz yourself on the 5 pearls we will be covering:
* Who should be screened for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI)? (1:45)
* What screening tests are available and how do they differ? (6:30)
* What are the LTBI treatment options available? (10:24)
* What are the major adverse drug effects to consider? (13:28)
* How frequently should you check liver function tests in a patient being treated for LTBI? What do you do with the results? 17:43
* Dr. Caplan-Shaw Recap (21:29)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/03/28/5-pearls-latent-tuberculosis-infection/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/03/28/5-pearls-latent-tuberculosis-infection/)
Solidify your knowledge on albuminuria! Quiz yourself on the 5 Pearls we will be covering:
* How good is a dipstick, urinalysis and UACR in detecting albuminuria? (1:42)
* What conditions that lead to transient proteinuria? What is the appropriate interval to recheck and how should be it be repeated? (5:14)
* Who should be screened for albuminuria and can it prognosticate risk for cardiovascular mortality? (7:47)
* Does increasing RAAS inhibition improve renal outcomes? (10:57)
* Throwback Question: How do you prescribe oral iron and what tips do you tell your patients? (13:11)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/02/28/5-pearls-albuminuria/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/02/28/5-pearls-albuminuria/)
Let’s go deeper into to why we think about diseases the way we do: COPD Classifications through the years!
* How did prior understanding of COPD pathophysiology lead to COPD classifications in the past? (3:25)
* How is COPD diagnosed? (6:13)
* How has COPD been classified and why? (6:42)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/02/14/mind-the-gap-copd-classifications/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/02/14/mind-the-gap-copd-classifications/)
Quiz yourself on the following 5 Pearls on Chronic Hepatitis B (HBV) Management!
* What is the focused history, physical and lab workup in a patient with chronic HBV? (1:40)
* What is the best imaging to evaluate for intermediate stages of liver fibrosis? (4:06)
* What scoring tools can you use to estimate fibrosis and what are their limitations?
* What factors do you use to assess which patients get treatment? (7:41)
* What drugs are available for HBV treatment and how do you choose? (11:18)
* Which chronic HBV patient should be screened for HCC, and how often? (14:45)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/01/31/5-pearls-on-chronic-hepatitis-b-2/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/01/31/5-pearls-on-chronic-hepatitis-b-2/)
Solidify your knowledge on Chronic Hepatitis B (HBV) screening and vaccinations! Quiz yourself on the 5 Pearls we will be covering:
* Who do you screen for HBV? (3:37)
* How is HBV transmitted and who is at risk for HBV reactivation?
* What tests do you order when screening for HBV? (10:48)
* In which populations is HBV vaccination recommended?
* What are the four possible meanings of an isolated positive total anti-HBc? (13:55)
* In an asymptomatic adult, is it necessary to send an anti-HBc IgM to distinguish acute from chronic HBV infection? (15:01)
* What are the implications of seroconversion of HBeAg from positive to negative? (16:19)
For full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/01/17/5-pearls-on-chronic-hepatitis-b/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/01/17/5-pearls-on-chronic-hepatitis-b/)
Let's go deeper as to why we do what we do: albumin in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) !
Time Stamps:1. How much albumin is recommended in SBP? (1:45)2. What antibiotics are used for the treatment of SBP? (2:30)3. Why do we give albumin in SBP? (4:15) - How does albumin compare to crystalloid? (7:15) - Do we always have to give to albumin? (9:00)
For full shownotes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/01/03/mind-the-gap-albumin-in-sbp/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2018/01/03/mind-the-gap-albumin-in-sbp/)
Cement your knowledge on Hepatic Encephalopathy (HE)! Quiz yourself on the following 5 Pearls we’ll be covering on HE:
* What are other causes of altered mental status in cirrhotics? (1:45)
* What are common precipitants for an acute episode of HE?
* What is asterixis? (6:10)
* What is the diagnostic utility of a cirrhotic with asterixis?
* How do lactulose & rifaximin reduce symptoms of HE? (11:00)
* What are their indications?
* What is the connection between hypokalemia and HE? (14:10)
* What is the discriminatory power of an ammonia level in HE? (16:40)
* In what situation does the NH3 has stronger predictive value?
For full shownotes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/12/13/5-pearls-on-hepatic-encephalopathy/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/12/13/5-pearls-on-hepatic-encephalopathy/)
Part 2 on Abdominal Paracentesis ! Let's go deeper
Should a cirrhotic’s INR and platelets deter you from doing a paracentesis? (3:15)
Do generalist have worse procedure complications than specialists? (5:40)
Do you need to send ascites fluid in blood culture bottles? (6:10)
For full shownotes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/11/29/mind-the-gap-abdominal-paracentesis-2/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/11/29/mind-the-gap-abdominal-paracentesis-2/)
Solidify your knowledge on iron deficiency anemia! Quiz yourself on the 5 Pearls we will be covering:
* Should patients be screened for iron deficiency? If so, who and how often? (1:40)
* What are the indications for diagnostic endoscopy in iron deficient patients? (3:23)
* How should you advice patients to take oral iron? (5:53)
* What is optimal dosing for oral iron?
* In which patients would you consider IV iron? What are the risks? (11:41)
* Throwback Question: What is a medication-overuse HA? (14:44)
For full shownotes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/11/15/5-pearls-on-iron-deficiency-anemia/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/11/15/5-pearls-on-iron-deficiency-anemia/)
You have always been told to do a diagnostic paracentesis on admission in cirrhotics with ascites, but why? Can you just get away with clinical judgement to rule out SBP? Is faculty judgement any better? And if you’re going to do a paracentesis on admission, do you need to do it right away? Go deeper with Dr. Steve Liu and Dr. Janine Knudsen!
Click the link for the full show notes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/11/01/mind-the-gap-admission-paracentesis/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/11/01/mind-the-gap-admission-paracentesis/)
* What do guidelines say about diagnostic paracentesis in cirrhotics with ascites? (1:51)
* Can we just use clinical judgement to decide if paracentesis is warranted? (3:13)
* Do attendings have better clinical judgement than residents to rule out SBP?
* Does timing of paracentesis on admission matter for mortality? (6:33)
Cement your knowledge on headaches with 5 Pearls on when imaging is indicated, approach to abortive medications, medication overuse headaches, when to use migraine prophylaxis and effective non-pharmacological treatment for migraines!
For full shownotes: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/10/18/5-pearls-on-headaches/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/10/18/5-pearls-on-headaches/)
* What are the indications for imaging for HA? (1:36)
* What is your approach to abortive therapy for migraines? (4:45)
* How do you diagnose medication overuse HA? (6:41)
* What is your approach to migraine prophylaxis? (8:29)
* What are some evidence based nonpharmacological therapies for migraines? (10:42)
CORE IM is an independent consortium of educators aligned to create internal medicine-specific portable learning tools in the form of podcasts, corresponding show notes and illustrations. Segments include 5 Pearls and Mind The Gap.
For more information: https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/10/13/introducing-the-core-im-podcasts-5-pearls-mind-the-gap/ (https://www.coreimpodcast.com/2017/10/13/introducing-the-core-im-podcasts-5-pearls-mind-the-gap/)
CORE IM team:
Executive Producer: Shreya P. Trivedi, MD (@ShreyaTrivediMD)
Five Pearls Producer: Marty Fried, MD (@Marty_Fried)
Mind the Gap Producer: Steve Liu, MD
Advisors: Neil Shapiro MD, John Hwang MD, Vincent Santillo MD
Podcast editing and technical set-up: Harit Shah and Steven Liu MD
Director of Sound Design, Theme song: Shaun Finnegan
Artistic director: Dr. Mike Natter (@mike_natter)