Welcome to the Cannabis Cultivation and Science podcast, I’m your host, Tad Hussey of KIS Organics. This is the podcast where we discuss the cutting edge of organic growing from a science based perspective and draw in top experts from around the industry to share their wisdom and knowledge. If you want to hear the latest in growing technology and methods, this is the place.
Colin Bell is the Co-founder, co-inventor and Chief Growth Officer at Growcentia, parent company of Mammoth. Colin completed his Ph.D. in Soil Microbial Ecology in 2009. As a Research Scientist at Colorado State University, Colin published dozens of peer reviewed publications that were focused on elucidating microbial mediated processes that enhance plant growth. Colin left his academic position at Colorado State University in March 2015 to launch Mammoth, a young company in the Ag-Tech sector that develops microbial biostimulants to sustainably increase plant yield, and all natural biocontrol products to prevent pests. Their first product, MAMMOTH P® is a beneficial bacterial bloom stimulant that targets phosphorus cycling to maximize both quality and yield in cannabis plants.
My podcast this week is with Justin Magill. Justin is an owner and head grower for Legit Farms, a legal cannabis company in the recreational market here in Washington State. I wanted to do this podcast because Justin has been growing in Living Soils longer than anyone else I know and he was instrumental in helping me in testing out various ideas around soil mixes, soil testing, and re-amending in beds. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-52
In this podcast, I interview Dr. Ben Higgins, Chief Research Scientist at Goldleaf Gardens. We discuss how to interpret research, create useful data in your facility, and a new white paper on pots vs living soil beds. We also touch on some preliminary results on trials relating toBlumats, Mammoth P, and BIOS lighting. Ben and I were also proud to announce a new consulting group called Kaizen Consulting that is comprised of myself, Ben, Nate Gibbs (owner of Goldleaf Gardens), Allison Justice of Outco, and Chris Jagger of Blue Fox Ag. All of these folks have been on my podcast so you can hear more about them on there. If you are interested in consulting please go to www.growwithkaizen.com. Thanks for listening! https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-51
In honor of our 50th episode, I wanted to get Jeff, our very first podcast guest and old friend, back on the show. Jeff is the author of the popular Teaming series, Teaming with Microbes, Teaming with Nutrients, and Teaming with Fungi. We talk about a variety of topics, including his new book that's coming out in December.
Controlled Environment Agriculture is such a technical field that it can be confusing and a bit daunting for growers. I also think it's importance gets overlooked many times when discussing variables relating to plant growth and plant health. I'm honored to have Dr. Nadia Sabeh on to help explain some of the key principles to consider when growing indoors or greenhouse environments. Dr. Nadia Sabeh (A.K.A. “Dr. Greenhouse”) is President and Founder of Dr. Greenhouse, Inc., an agricultural and mechanical engineering firm that specializes in the design of HVAC systems for indoor plant environments. Dr. Sabeh has her PhD in Agricultural Engineering from the University of Arizona’s Controlled Environment Agriculture Center (CEAC) and is a licensed Mechanical Engineer in the State of California. For over 20 years, she has dedicated her education and career to helping farmers control their environments, allowing them to grow crops indoors, in greenhouses and in facilities that would otherwise be impossible or impractical to do so. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-49
Determining if LEDs are Right For You and Your Grow Part 1: what is an LED? Part 2: can LEDs provide the correct light that plants need? Part 3: what are some useful calculations? Rebecca Knight Ph.D., Sr. Application Engineer, BIOS Lighting Rebecca is an engineer and R&D scientist with experience in a broad range of fields: science, engineering, marketing, and business development. She holds a Ph.D. in Plant Biology from the University of Texas, a M.S. in Agricultural and Biological Engineering from Purdue, and Chemical Engineering and Japanese undergraduate degrees. She is passionate about vertical farming, horticultural LEDs, plant secondary metabolic pathway gene expression, and sustainable food production. As the Sr. Application Engineer she works closely with the sales team using her photobiology research background, and love of analytics, to provide integration and cultivation expertise. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-48
This is my follow up interview with Dr. Reggie Gaudino. Reggie is the chief science officer for Steep Hill Labs. Dr. Gaudino oversees all scientific research and development for Steep Hill and is the driving force for Steep Hill's genetic research program. Dr. Gaudino directed a team of researchers which led to the development of GenKit™, the first cannabis DNA-based sex test. The research from Dr. Gaudino has been peer-reviewed and published, leading to important new discoveries in the cannabis industry. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-47
My guest this week is Reggie Gaudino. Reggie is the chief science officer for Steep Hill Labs. Dr. Gaudino oversees all scientific research and development for Steep Hill and is the driving force for Steep Hill's genetic research program. Dr. Gaudino directed a team of researchers which led to the development of GenKit™, the first cannabis DNA-based sex test. The research from Dr. Gaudino has been peer-reviewed and published, leading to important new discoveries in the cannabis industry. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-46
What does the 2018 Farm Bill mean for Hemp Cultivation? Michael Bowman is Founding Chair of the National Hemp Association. He is also the author of Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill. He’s known in some circles as “Mr Hemp” for his activism and has been instrumental in shaping the State of Colorado’s hemp policy as Chair of Colorado’s New Energy Future and served as Co-Chair of Governor-elect Bill Ritter’s Energy Transition Team. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-45
Eleanor Kuntz, PhD, is a trained herbalist and geneticist bridging the gap between traditional herbalism and modern science. She is a co-founder at Canndor, the People’s Herbarium, the first herbarium committed to documenting and preserving cannabis cultivars and varietals along with the collective knowledge gained through community engagement. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-44
Have you ever wondered what's the best way to prune and train your plants? And what's really going on in the curing process with cannabis? These questions get address with some actual science in my latest podcast with Dr. Allison Justice of Outco and SC Labs. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-43
Rules and regulations are an important aspect of cannabis cultivation. In addition, it’s important to know that the products we purchase to use in our garden are safe and providing the nutrients or microbes that are listed on the labels. My interview this week is with Sunny Summers and Matt Haynes with the Oregon Dept of Agriculture. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-42
Jeremy Plumb is the Director of Production Science at Pruf Cultivar, one of the most technologically advanced cannabis cultivation facilities in North America. At Pruf, Jeremy combines decades of cannabis horticulture experience with cutting-edge technology to deliver previously unattainable consistency in both product quality and consumer effect. In this episode, he answers some of my questions along with questions from podcast listeners. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-41
Jeremy has been in and around the cannabis industry and really made his mark in helping identify and catalogue chemotypic expression of cannabis related to genetics and environmental factors (photobiology, nutrient uptake, etc...). This is the first part of the conversation where he explains more about himself and his findings. The second part will be a Q & A session with questions from listeners and myself.
Part 2 of my interview with Shango Los. For anyone growing cannabis as a business or working in the cannabis industry, you know that having a great product or growing top shelf cannabis is only half the story. The other half is shaping your message in a way to effectively reach your audience. Shango Los is founder of Shaping Fire and host of the Shaping Fire podcast. If you haven’t had a chance to check it out, I highly recommend it. His YouTube channel features exclusive cannabis how-to videos and expert interviews. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-39
For anyone growing cannabis as a business or working in the cannabis industry, you know that having a great product or growing top shelf cannabis is only half the story. The other half is shaping your message in a way to effectively reach your audience. Shango Los is founder of Shaping Fire and host of the Shaping Fire podcast. If you haven’t had a chance to check it out, I highly recommend it. His YouTube channel features exclusive cannabis how-to videos and expert interviews. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/copy-of-cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-38
Our guest this week is Jim Eagan. Jim has been working for Plant Revolution Inc. for more than a decade. Having been the first company to bring mycorrhizal inoculants to commercial applications, he and the company have been spreading the good news of the benefits of healthy soil to gardeners, landscapers, and farmers all over the world. His degree in environmental studies, his work in the permaculture community, and his experience running a small farm form a background that has given him a deep understanding of the importance of soil organisms for plant and ecosystem health. He continues to learn and explore the fascinating worlds of food production, native ecosystems, and sustainability. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-37
Microbial-based products are becoming more and more popular in agriculture and horticulture. In today's podcast, Sarah Pellkofer helps explains some of the benefits of using specific microbes in your garden as well as looking at some recent studies on how microbes can impact plant growth and pest resistance. Sarah has her PhD in Plant Science and Policy at the University of Zurich, studying plant-soil interactions and publishing her work on Soil Biodiversity and the Stability of Ecosystem Functioning. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-36
You know, we talk a lot about soil testing on this podcast and how important it is. Well I wanted to get someone on the show to have a discussion about how to understand and evaluate these soil tests because getting a soil test is one thing, but understanding how to use that information can be something else entirely. Our guest this week is Aaron Crozier. Aaron is a soil and plant health consultant, You can check him out on Instagram as @Growru. Aaron is passionate about using soil and sap testing to improve the quality of the soil and plants. Aaron teaches growers how to re-mineralize there soil and then work on increasing plant health. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-35
Has cannabis cultivation evolved to where cannabis-marketed bottled nutrient companies are becoming outdated? Hear my conversation with Nelson Lindsley of Poetry of Plants on the subject. Also an exciting new collaboration and podcast announcement! https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-34
Entomologist Suzanne Wainwright Evans comes back on the podcast to talk about what she's seen over the past year consulting on cannabis farms, including advice on scouting, sticky cards, and much more! https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-33
Chris Trump explains Natural Farming, KNF and the philosophy behind the these methods for growing plants using locally sourced microbes and inputs. He is a Master Natural Farmer certified by Master Cho of Korea. He has also studied microbiological analysis under Dr. Elaine Ingham. His family’s farm is currently the largest natural farm in America growing over 800 acres of Macadamia Nuts. They have returned sick trees to vital health completely eliminating 3 fungal diseases that academics said was impossible. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-32
The giant pumpkin community has a lot in common with cannabis growers. Both are pushing the envelope to maximize plant health and yield. Hear from one of the best about how he grows some of the largest plants in the world every year! https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-31
Mold and Mildew are such a problem for many growers. In this podcast, Travis describes how these pathogens work and how to best manage them through environmental controls. Travis Higginbotham is the new director of Cultivation Support for Fluence. Prior to working at Fluence, he worked at a state of the art environmentally controlled greenhouse covering 50 acres where he was the head of research and development. They grew annual and perennial crops for big box retailers supplying the NE united states. His focus was on rearing beneficial insects, IPM protocols, disease testing, and trialing new genetics from around the world.He recently received his masters horticulture from Virginia Tech. This resulted in equipping irrigation booms with lights for photoperiodic flowering applications to a controlled environment which propagated over 1.2 million perennials from stage 3 tissue culture per year. He also has a bachelors of science from Clemson University. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-30
Learn about the importance of selecting the right equipment for spraying your crop from Kurt Becker, the Executive VP for Commercial Products with Dramm. Kurt is a genius when it comes to spray applications and I was so excited to pick his brain on the subject. We also discussed some of the dangers of using RO water, better options for sanitation and improving water quality for beneficial microbes. If you want to improve the efficacy of your foliar sprays this is "must listen!"
What's the difference between fish emulsion and fish hydrolysate? Are these products sustainably made? Where are the fish coming from? We tackle these questions and more in this week's episode with Casey Schoenberger, the Director of Sales for Dramm Corporation's Fertilizer and Farm Segments. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-28
Learn the key terms to understand and compare lighting technologies as well as the history of lighting as it relates to plants from Travis Williams and Travis Higginbotham with Fluence Bioengineering. We also discuss the future of lighting and how it relates to the horticulture industry. I found this podcast to be really helpful in evaluating different lights and how lighting spectrum and intensity can effect plant growth, disease resistance, and much more. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-27
The Hidden Half of Nature with Biologist Anne Biklé. In this episode we discuss the benefits of mulching and the role microbes play in our gardens and our bodies. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-26
My guest this week is David Montgomery. David studied geology at Stanford University before earning his Ph.D. in geomorphology at UC Berkeley. He teaches at the University of Washington where he studies the evolution of topography and how geological processes shape landscapes and influence ecological systems. He loved maps as a kid and now writes about the relationship of people to their environment and other things that interest him. In 2008 he was named a MacArthur Fellow. He lives with his wife Anne in Seattle, Washington. He’s written multiple books but the ones most interesting to gardeners are Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations, The Hidden Half of Nature, and Growing a Revolution: Bringing Our Soils Back to Life. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-25
There's a lot more to running a Cannabis company than just growing the plants. Gold Leaf gardens is based in Washington State and known for their top shelf flower, extracts and Leira Cannagars. They grow their products "with Aloha" and I sit down with the owner Nate Gibbs to talk about everything from their views on organics to branding and marketing to stay competitive in today's ever changing market.
Watering and irrigation is one of the least appreciated aspects of gardening that has such an incredible impact on the health and growth of your plants. Damian Koch works for the North American distributor of Blumats and helps growers in designing custom systems for their garden. This is our follow up podcast on Blumats where we tackle setup, and frequently asked questions. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-23
Watering and irrigation is one of the least appreciated aspects of gardening that has such an incredible impact on the health and growth of your plants. Steve Troy is North American distributor of Blumats, an excellent way to irrigate you containers and beds using no electricity. We have been using Blumats for years now with our soils and they work great! Check out our discussion and shoot me an email at email@example.com if you would like help setting up your own Blumat system in your garden. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-22
Chris is owner/operator of Blue Fox Farm, a 40 acre organic vegetable farm in the Applegate Valley of southern Oregon. He is also owner/head consultant for Blue Fox Agricultural Services, a full service agricultural supply and consultation company focusing on ecological solutions for the modern farmer. Both his farm and his agricultural services use Living Soils as a foundation to scale farming operations efficiently and profitably. He rounds out his involvement with the agricultural community by hosting the Living Soils Symposium each March. The symposium is an interactive conference for farmers, interested in regenerative farming techniques, to exchange knowledge and gain insight in a peer-to-peer environment.
Ben's book, The Lean Farm, has changed the way we run our farm. Any farmers or growers that rely on cultivation for their income need to read this book. Ben shares some insight into how we can improve the efficiency of our farming, reduce expenses, and remove waste. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-20
Entomologist Suzanne Wainwright Evans is back to discuss dipping rates, sprayer recommendations, consulting advice, and much more in this week's podcast. Learn what works from a science-based perspective and one of the top experts in the industry when it comes to spraying for various pests.
William Evans has been working in the horticulture and nursery industry for over 20 years and brings a wealth of experience to the table. Today’s podcast is all about containers. While I’ve always been a proponent of planting directly into the ground when possible, this is not an option in many situations and propagation is best done in small trays or containers. William shares with us how containers can dramatically reduce transplant shock, improve worker efficiency, increase plant health, and a myriad of other benefits. We also talk about how the wrong container can cause major issues resulting in poor growth, root girdling, and even the potential for your container being a source of contamination. We also discuss and exciting organic solution for slugs in your garden. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-18
Learn the pros and cons of soil testing as well as how to understand and interpret the results. Our guest this week is Kris Borgman. Kris earned a Bachelors of Science in Crop and Soil Science from Washington State University and has 19 years’ experience in agronomy, field management, sustainable programs surrounding agricultural, turf and natural environments. He is the currently the President of Agronomy for UNIBEST International who are the makers of the Soil Savvy Test Kits. The Ion Exchange technology in these kits has been utilized by large agribusiness companies like Wilbur Ellis, McGregor, Crop Production Services, Simplot, and more. Kris also manages a large family drylands and irrigated wheat farming operation in Eastern Washington. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-17
Our guest this week is Jessi Bloom. Jessi is a Northwest native and comes from a strong background of horticulture and environmental sciences. She is passionate about animals, permaculture and making functional gardens beautiful. She travels nationwide as a speaker and is the best-selling author of Free-Range Chicken Gardens and Practical Permaculture Design. Jessi’s work has gotten press and been featured in many national and local media outlets from the NY Times, Better Homes & Gardens, Sunset Magazine, DISNEY, Martha Stewart Living, Mother Earth News, UTNE Reader, Fine Gardening Magazine and PBS’s Growing a Greener World TV. I met Jessi quite a few years ago now and we became good friends. She was instrumental in designing and planning our farm and is a big part of the community. Her book, Practical Permaculture Design is a “must read” in my opinion if for no other reason than to get you thinking about how to best utilize and structure your farm or garden and get a better understanding of how Permaculture might apply in your life. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-16
Suzanne Wainwright-Evans is an Ornamental Entomologist specializing in integrated pest management. Suzanne has been involved in the Green Industry for more than 25 years with a primary focus on biological control and using pesticides properly. Learn about biosecurity, biocontrols, and much much more. We discuss fungus gnats, root aphids, broad mites and the dreaded hemp russet mite in this week's podcast.
Let's talk biochar. What is biochar and what makes it special? Is all biochar the same? How do we evaluate it? Can I just use charcoal? Learn the answers to these questions and more from Renel Anderson, founder of Black Owl Biochar, one of the leading biochar companies in the nation.
What is the future of cannabis cultivation? Jaya Palmer and I explore some of the latest advancements in the industry around lighting technology, photo biology, organic certification, genetic drift in cannabis, predatory insects, as well as what is going on with some of the largest cannabis cannabis companies in North America.
Jaya Palmer is a biological horticulture consultant with a passion for sustainable human settlement and cognitive liberty. His mission is to excite and inspire people to utilize cannabis as a fulcrum to raise consciousness. Our guest this week is not only an awesome grower and passionate gardener, but also a good friend. Jaya Palmer is a biological horticulture consultant. His mission is to excite and inspire people to utilize cannabis as a fulcrum to raise consciousness.
In this episode, we interview Dr. Robert Faust, President of Bioag where we talk about humates, humic and fulvic acid, and much more. Dr. Faust is a leading expert in agroecology providing integrated services throughout the world including the United States, Egypt, Belize, Jamaica and Mexico to assist in reducing dependency on chemical fertilizers and pesticides using new biotechnology and foliar fertilizers to increase crop yields and create sustainable systems.
This is the second part of my interview with Nelson Lindsley of Poetry of Plants. Nelson has been cultivating cannabis for over a decade and working in the industry for over two decades. Over the last three years he has consulted on cultivation sites in Washington, Oregon, Colorado, Pennsylvania and California.
This is the first part of my interview with Nelson Lindsley of Poetry of Plants. Nelson has been cultivating cannabis for over a decade and working in the industry for over two decades. Over the last three years he has consulted on cultivation sites in Washington, Oregon, Colorado, Pennsylvania and California.
This is the final part of an interview series with Clackamas Coot. We settle the questions regarding using neem in soils, talk about seaweed, weigh in on the idea of no-till, and hear the history of "The One" from the man himself, the plant that Jim has been growing now for 40 years! https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-8
This is the 2nd part of a 3 part interview series with Clackamas Coot on the Cannabis Cultivation and Science Podcast. We talk more about neem, IPM strategies, worm bins, peat moss, how to evaluate potting soils, and much more!
Today we're honored to be interviewing Steve Solomon all the way from Tasmania. Steve is the author of numerous books, most notably Gardening West of the Cascades and The Intelligent Gardener. Steve shares much of his life history with us and explains why he believes nutrient density is so important in our gardens and food production.
Our guest today is Tim Wilson of Microbe Organics. Some listeners may know him better as MicrobeMan from his helpful posts on many internet forums; Tim is a long time friend and colleague who has taught me much of what I know regarding microscopy and evaluating compost teas.
Tim also founded www.logicalgardener.org, a free forum for gardeners that has a wealth of information.
David is an Agrologist and has a Master of Science in Plant Sciences from McGill University. He began working in greenhouse production in 2001 and worked for McGill in the Greenhouses and Horticultural Research Center for five years. He is the lead agrologist and one of the head growers at Whistler medical marijuana corporation. Over the last year and a half he designed the certified organic growing program at Whistler Medical Marijuana Corporation making them the only fully certified organic licensed producer in Canada. Since the interview, David has been hired as the Head of Cultivation for The Green Organic Dutchmen for their new 200 million dollar facility coming online in 2018. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-4
Our guest today is gone by the online name of Clackamas Coot on such forums as IC Mag and Lumperdawgz on Grass City, he's an organic grower and gardener who has helped many people in improving the way they garden and move away from bottled nutrients. He is most famous for his ‘neem, crab, kelp and soil mix’ which many people know as the ‘Coot Mix’ which he shares freely and the sprouted seed enzyme teas he makes using barley. I met Coot eight or nine years ago when he came to one of my talks in Portland on compost teas. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-3
In this episode, we talk to Jeff Lowenfels about the Soil Food Web, mycorrhizal fungi, no-till, and how plants uptake nutrients. Jeff is the co-author of Teaming with Microbes The Organic Gardeners Guide to the Soil Food Web published by Timber Press in August 2006 to great acclaim and revised in 2011; it is touted as the most important gardening book published in the past twenty five years and won the prestigious garden Writers of America Gold Award for gardening books. It’s been translated into Korean, French and soon Slovenian. Jeff is also the author of Teaming with Nutrients, the Organic Gardeners Guide to Optimizing Plant Nutrition published by Timber Press in May 2013, and the shorthand title is How Plants Eat and What To Feed Them. It is sure to make you appreciate the beauty of how plants operate as well as make you a better gardener and steward of the earth. His latest book Teaming with Fungi was just released at the end of 2016 and is all about mycorrhizal fungus. Jeff is an extremely respected and popular national garden writer; he is the former president of the garden Writers of America, was made at G.W.A fellow in 1999 and inducted into the G.W.A Hall of Fame, the highest honor a garden writer can achieve in 2005. Most important, Jeff is the founder of a now national program that started this Plant a Row for Beans the soup kitchen getting an Anchorage and is now Plant a Row for the Hungry; the program is active in forty eight states and result in over a million pounds of produce being donated to feed the hungry every year. Jeff has been a good friend now for over a decade and is a wonderful advocate for organic gardening compost tea and the microbes in our soil. https://www.kisorganics.com/pages/cannabis-cultivation-and-science-podcast-episode-2
In this episode, I give you some background into my history as well as an overview of the cultivation techniques we will cover in future podcasts. Also listed is some of the upcoming interviews and topics. This is a good foundation for better understanding the podcast series.